Breeds of Chickens
There are literally hundreds of domesticated chicken breeds worldwide several
of which possess unique physical and behavioral characteristics as a result of cross-breeding and geographical
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Typically, a breed’s physical traits distinguish it from other breeds of chickens, for example size, color of
plumage, type of comb (style), color of skin, amount of toes, feathering, color of earlobes and eggs, as well as
In addition, chicken breeds are usually categorized based on their main use, whether for eggs, meat, or
ornamental purposes; some can also be categorized as dual-purpose.
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All breeds of chickens lay eggs, have edible meat, and have a distinctive physical appearance common to their
specific breed. Nevertheless, distinct breeds are usually as a result of selective breeding in order to emphasize
certain characteristics. Any breed may technically be used for general agricultural purposes, and all breeds are
shown to some extent. However each poultry breed is known for a primary use.
Chickens for Egg Production
Egg producing hens are normally light-weight and have a well balanced temperament.
Egg Producing Chicken Breeds
Breeds of Chickens for Meat Production
People who raise chickens for the meat alone prefer dual purpose breeds for meat production purposes. The
following breeds are generally used.
Common Meat Producing Chicken Breeds
Indian Game (or Cornish)
The breeds of chickens typically found in farms and backyards worldwide are usually chickens that produce both
meat and eggs. While some of these breeds are somewhat better for either egg or meat production, they are commonly
referred to as dual-purpose breeds.
Common Dual-Purpose Breeds of Chickens
Chickens for Game, Exhibition and Show
For more than one hundred years, the breeding of chickens for competitive game, exhibition and show has
significantly influenced the development of breeds of chickens. Several breeds have been cross-developed with other
breeds in order to produce game, exhibition and show birds.
Game, Exhibition and Show Breeds
American Game G
Blue Hen of Delaware
Croad Langshan U
La Fleche U
Old English Game
Chicken Raising Information You Need to Know About
In the course of flock breeding and management, it is necessary to pick up and handle chickens at various times.
Correct catching and handling techniques for chickens can prevent both injury and discomfort not just to the birds
but to the individuals handling them too.
How to Find out if the Chicken is a Layer
Simply by understanding the way to tell which hens are layers in your flock, you'll be able to segregate those
that can be used as a meat source and save unnecessary expenses by removing non-layers and using them for
The simplest way to visually tell if a chicken is a layer or not is by checking the space between the pubic
bones. If a hen is a good layer, there is usually a two-finger spread between the pubic bones; if the hen is a
non-layer, the pubic bones tend to be rigid and close together.
Furthermore, the majority of good layers have yellow skin that shows signs of bleaching of pigment; yet, there
could be instances of disease and abnormality in chickens where the skin color might exhibit faded pigment.
Distinguishing Chicken Breeds
The very first and most critical decision a producer or backyard chicken raiser should make is the selection of
the particular breed that is ideal for his needs. Possessing a basic familiarity with chicken breeds makes it
simpler to identify and recognize the traits of chickens for easier flock management.
Probably the most common resource for any kind of purebred chicken is to check if it is listed in the Standard
of Perfection book. It lists breeds of chickens as well as varieties recognized by the American Poultry
Association, although breeds of foreign origin might not be listed such as the Cornish Rock which is a crossbreed
between the Cornish and White Rock breeds.
The most common characteristics of chickens which help identify their breed distinction are size, shape, color,
feather pattern, and comb type.
For more detailed information on the various breeds of chicken....
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