Breeds of Chickens

Recommended guide for breeds of chickens

There are literally hundreds of domesticated chicken breeds worldwide several of which possess unique physical and behavioral characteristics as a result of cross-breeding and geographical factors.

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Typically, a breed’s physical traits distinguish it from other breeds of chickens, for example size, color of plumage, type of comb (style), color of skin, amount of toes, feathering, color of earlobes and eggs, as well as geographical origin.

In addition, chicken breeds are usually categorized based on their main use, whether for eggs, meat, or ornamental purposes; some can also be categorized as dual-purpose.

Click Here to Find Out More About Keeping Different Breeds of Chickens

All breeds of chickens lay eggs, have edible meat, and have a distinctive physical appearance common to their specific breed. Nevertheless, distinct breeds are usually as a result of selective breeding in order to emphasize certain characteristics. Any breed may technically be used for general agricultural purposes, and all breeds are shown to some extent. However each poultry breed is known for a primary use.

Chickens for Egg Production

Egg producing hens are normally light-weight and have a well balanced temperament.

Egg Producing Chicken Breeds

Ameraucana 

Ancona

Andalusian

Araucana

Asturian Painted Hen

Barnevelder

Campine 

Catalana

Easter Egger

Fayoumi

Jærhone

Kraienkoppe

Lakenvelder

Leghorn  
Marans 

Minorca

Orloff

Penedesenca

Sicilian Buttercup

White-Faced Black Spanish

Welsummer

Breeds of Chickens for Meat Production

People who raise chickens for the meat alone prefer dual purpose breeds for meat production purposes. The following breeds are generally used.

Common Meat Producing Chicken Breeds

Bresse
Indian Game (or Cornish)
Ixworth

Dual-Purpose Chickens

The breeds of chickens typically found in farms and backyards worldwide are usually chickens that produce both meat and eggs. While some of these breeds are somewhat better for either egg or meat production, they are commonly referred to as dual-purpose breeds.

Common Dual-Purpose Breeds of Chickens

Australorp 

Brahma

Braekel

Buckeye

California Gray

Chanticleer

Cubalaya

Derbyshire Redcap
Dominique
Dorking

Faverolles

Holland

Iowa Blue

Java

Jersey Giant

Marsh Daisy

Naked Neck

New Hampshire
Norfolk Grey
Orpington
 

Plymouth Rock

Poltava

Rhode Island Red

Rhode Island White

Scots Dumpy

Scots Grey

Sussex

Winnebago

Wyandotte

Chickens for Game, Exhibition and Show

For more than one hundred years, the breeding of chickens for competitive game, exhibition and show has significantly influenced the development of breeds of chickens. Several breeds have been cross-developed with other breeds in order to produce game, exhibition and show birds.

Game, Exhibition and Show Breeds

American Game G 

Asil G

Appenzeller U

Barbu de Watermael

Bearded d'Anvers

Bearded d'Uccle

Belgian d'Everberg

Blue Hen of Delaware G

Booted Bantam

Cochin

Crevecoeur U
Croad Langshan U

Dutch Bantam

Frizzle

Ga NoiG

Hamburg U

Houdan U

Japanese Bantam

La Fleche U

Malay G

Modern Game

Nankin 

Old English Game G

Pekin

Phoenix 

Polish U

Rosecomb

Sebright

Serama

Shamo G

Silkie

Sultan

Sumatra

Vorwerk U

Chicken Raising Information You Need to Know About

In the course of flock breeding and management, it is necessary to pick up and handle chickens at various times. Correct catching and handling techniques for chickens can prevent both injury and discomfort not just to the birds but to the individuals handling them too.

How to Find out if the Chicken is a Layer

Simply by understanding the way to tell which hens are layers in your flock, you'll be able to segregate those that can be used as a meat source and save unnecessary expenses by removing non-layers and using them for cooking.

The simplest way to visually tell if a chicken is a layer or not is by checking the space between the pubic bones. If a hen is a good layer, there is usually a two-finger spread between the pubic bones; if the hen is a non-layer, the pubic bones tend to be rigid and close together.

Furthermore, the majority of good layers have yellow skin that shows signs of bleaching of pigment; yet, there could be instances of disease and abnormality in chickens where the skin color might exhibit faded pigment.

Distinguishing Chicken Breeds

The very first and most critical decision a producer or backyard chicken raiser should make is the selection of the particular breed that is ideal for his needs. Possessing a basic familiarity with chicken breeds makes it simpler to identify and recognize the traits of chickens for easier flock management.

Probably the most common resource for any kind of purebred chicken is to check if it is listed in the Standard of Perfection book. It lists breeds of chickens as well as varieties recognized by the American Poultry Association, although breeds of foreign origin might not be listed such as the Cornish Rock which is a crossbreed between the Cornish and White Rock breeds.

The most common characteristics of chickens which help identify their breed distinction are size, shape, color, feather pattern, and comb type.

For more detailed information on the various breeds of chicken....

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